Jaw pain can be a debilitating condition, which can affect your ability to eat and speak. Aside from pain or tenderness of the jaw, this common problem may also cause pain in and around the ears, difficulty and discomfort while chewing, difficulty opening and closing the mouth and general facial pain.
Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorder (TMD):
This is the most common cause of jaw pain. It is also known as TMJ. The temporomandibular joints are the hinge joints on each side of the jaw.
There are several possible causes of TMD. These include:
• Discomfort from the muscles that control jaw movement
• Trauma to the jaw joint
• Excess stimulation of the jaw joint
• A displaced disc that usually helps cushion the movements of the jaw
• Arthritis of the protective disc that cushions the jaw joint
Damage to the muscles that control the movement of the jaw may be caused by factors such as; nighttime teeth grinding, involuntary jaw clenching during times of stress or anxiety and injury to the jaw joint.
These are one of the most painful types of headache that tends to recur over a period of several weeks, and in which the pain is usually limited to one side of the head – behind or around one of the eyes. The pain from cluster headaches may radiate to the jaw causing jaw pain.
If the sinuses become infected with a virus or bacteria, it may result in an excess of mucus that in turn puts pressure on the jaw joint causing pain.
Causes of jaw pain:
Tooth pain:Sometimes severe tooth infections may also cause referred pain that radiates to the jaw.
Trigeminal neuralgia:This is a condition this is usually caused by nerve compression on the trigeminal nerve, which provides sensation to most of the face, including the upper and lower jaw.
Heart attack:Jaw pain may also be a symptom of a heart attack. Some people, particularly women, report feeling pain on the left side of their jaw during a heart attack.
A headache is generally defined as pain in any region of the head. The pain may occur on one or both sides, be isolated to a certain location or radiate across the head from one point. Migraine – a migraine is an extremely intense and painful type of headache. Patients often describe migraine pain as pounding and throbbing. Migraines can last anywhere from a few hours to up to 3 days. During a migraine, people usually experience increased sensitivity to light, noise or smells, experience a loss of appetite, as well as nausea or vomiting. Migraine sufferers usually experience neurological disturbances lasting around 15-60 minutes and normally occur before the actual headache begins. The common of these are: visual disturbances, including blind spots, flashing lights or zigzag patterns; confusion, inability to concentrate, problems with articulation or co-ordination, or tingling/pins and needles or numbness on the affected side. These symptoms are known as ‘aura’.
Types of migraines:
Migraine headaches are divided into two main categories: with and without ‘aura’.
Migraines without aura are the more common type of migraine. For those who do experience aura, it usually lasts less than one hour and resolves completely.
Migraines tend to run in families. Although doctors are unable to determine what exactly causes migraines, it appears that genetics and environmental factors play a role. Potential theories regarding the cause of migraines include: underlying certain nervous system disorders, irregularities in the brains blood vessel system, genetic predisposition, and abnormal brain chemicals and nerve pathways. Research has indicated that there is a migraine pain center located in the brainstem – a region at the base of the brain. When neurons fire, surrounding blood vessels dilate and become inflamed, causing the characteristic pain associated with a migraine. Although an individual may inherit a genetic predisposition for developing migraines, certain conditions that are believed to trigger this type of headache are; food additives, stress, change in sleeping patterns, hormonal changes etc.
Recently, Botox has become a tool used to help relieve different types of headaches including migraines and associated muscle pains such a jaw pain. Botox® injection is one of the most common cosmetic treatments performed at Q Esthetics Laser Clinics and we are one of the leading Botox® service providers in the GTA. Our experienced doctors work with thousands of Botox® patients each year. Please call one of our clinics today to book a complimentary consultation with one of our doctors.
Frown lines, which are also known as glabella lines, are vertical lines that appear between the eyebrows when one frowns. Frown lines can develop at any age – even as early as in the 20s.
Causes: One of the biggest contributors to frown lines is repeated, furrowing or frowning of the brow and over-use of the strong muscles in that area. Frown lines, or “number 11 lines” can make a person appear older and even angry. These vertical lines that form between the two eyebrows are caused by strong, repetitive contraction of glabellar muscles, which pull down on the brow and cause folds to set in the overlying skin. This condition can be distressing to see in photos and the mirror’s reflection, as well as physically uncomfortable. Squinting in the sun regularly or constant worrying and frowning can worsen their appearance. Regular massage may help relax and smooth those muscles, as will medical treatment with a medical cosmetic expert.
Another common cause of frown lines is aging skin. As a result of the aging process, the dermis thins and the cells divide less and less. As the elastin fibers loosen, skin loses its elasticity and also retains less moisture. Smoking is also a factor that has been cited in aging the skin prematurely, thereby leading to wrinkles and frown lines at a younger age. Many people seek surgical brow lift procedures to address their frown lines but less invasive, non-surgical options are readily available and can produce dramatic results.
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