Acne & Acne Scarring
Acne, which is also known as acne vulgaris (dermatology), is a common chronic skin disorder that affects many teenagers, and about 20% of adults as well. Acne can have a significantly negative effect on people’s lives, on their self-esteem and confidence.
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Various Causes of Acne
Acne typically appears on the face, chest, back, and shoulders, and can be caused by many factors. The root cause is the abnormal development of cells inside the hair follicles under the skin’s surface, which then leads to the blockage of hair follicles, excess production of oil (or sebum), and accumulation of bacteria. Growing bacteria in the small follicle space then causes inflammation, redness, and pain. Underlying acne formation for teens is typically the drastic fluctuations in hormones that affect oil production dramatically. It is a misconception that “dirty” skin causes acne in teens. While dirt and environmental pollutants can certainly build up in pores, the severe and often cystic acne many teens suffer from is related to internal factors; and excessive washing and scrubbing of the skin does not help, as these and certain cleansers can irritate the already inflamed and sensitive skin – and worsen the problem.
Adult acne can be caused by an imbalance of the hormones, and often appears during pregnancy or during other times of hormonal change. Switching between birth control pills, elevated stress levels (which spike cortisol), or taking certain prescription medications are also known to cause acne. There is little concrete scientific evidence to link certain foods like chocolate to acne breakouts, however, sugar may be a culprit as it raises your insulin levels. Evidence suggests that insulin may boost male hormones like testosterone, triggering excess oil production. Many people report being plagued by adult acne in their 30s, 40s, and even 50s.
Causes of Acne Scars:
Acne scars are much more common than most people believe. Laser acne scar removal is one of the most frequently performed procedures at Q Esthetics Laser Clinics in Toronto. Many people suffer from hormone-related acne during puberty and teen years, which thankfully clears up once they enter adulthood. Even if the acne they experienced was mild, small textural irregularities in the complexion and a variety of scars can remain. If acne lesions are not treated promptly and properly, they can leave acne scarring on your complexion, even if you don’t squeeze or pick them.
The development of bacteria in acne usually triggers our natural defense mechanism. Antibodies in our white blood cells will travel to the site of infection, enter the clogged follicles and eliminate the bacteria. However, in the process of killing off the acne bacteria, the antibodies may also cause inflammation and destruction of the surrounding dermis. This process causes the raised, red and white-centered appearance of a pimple. When the supporting dermis is damaged, a visible depression or crater appears. This is how most acne scars develop. Individuals with a scarring history or with weakened immune systems tend to get more pronounced acne scars. Certainly, picking at the area, squeezing pimples and other trauma added can make the eventual scar worse. Skin texture changes related to acne scars will often last a lifetime unless treated professionally.
Treatment for Acne
If acne scarring appears, the treatment chosen to remove it will largely depend on the type of scarring you have and your skin type. In some cases, a combination of different techniques may achieve best results of scar revision.
Types of Acne Scars:
Macular acne scar – flat scar, with increased or decreased pigmentation.
Boxcar acne scar – round or oval shaped when seen from above, with defined, vertical edges on the cross-section, appear similar to post chicken pox scars.
Rolling acne scar – appear like undulations on the skin, caused by tethering of skin to the underlying tissues.
Deep pit acne scar– sharp and deeply indented, caused by the loss of subcutaneous tissue volume.
Ice-pick acne scar – small holes in the skin, appear like the indentation left by an ice-pick.
Hypertrophic acne scar – raised, reddish or purple. These can fade on their own over time, or may require medical intervention.
Keloid acne scar – raised, thick, red or purple colored, typically spreads past the original wound borders and may enlarge over time.
Here at Q Esthetics Laser Clinic, we work with thousands of acne patients each and every year, so we understand how you feel about unsightly acne and the frightening possibility of acne scarring. You may already have scarring to deal with and you’ve likely tried many products to treat yourself at home, experiencing disappointment and frustration. Our experienced, medical staff will thoroughly examine your complexion to ensure the right treatment options are offered to you for your specific needs*. Acne treatment is not one size fits all and your private, one-on-one consultation will be the first step to regaining clear, acne free skin again. Rest assured we offer many different treatment modalities and if you’ve given up trying to treat your acne or scars because of poor results from previous treatments, we’ll find effective alternatives so that you can begin to see clear, smooth skin again. Call one of our three convenient clinics today and book your complimentary consultation to find out how we can assist you.
Esthetic Laser Clinic
Here at Q Esthetics Laser Clinic, we work with thousands of our patients each and every year, so we can understand how you feel and how to serve your needs better. You may already have problems to deal with, and you’ve likely tried many products to treat yourself at home, experiencing disappointment and frustration. Our experienced medical staff will thoroughly examine your complexion to ensure the right treatment options are offered to you for your specific needs*. There is not one solution that fits all, and your private one-on-one consultation will be the first step to regaining your beauty and health again. Rest assured we offer many different treatment modalities, and if you’ve given up, because of poor results from previous treatments, we will find effective alternatives so that you can begin to see yourself in great shape again.
Call one of our three convenient clinics today and book your complimentary consultation to find out how we can assist you.
A team of dedicated healthcare professionals who have dedicated their lives and careers to helping patients achieve their goals
Established in 2002 – Over 15 years of experience with continued growth throughout Toronto & GTA. We have three locations to serve you.
The Q Pro Team is known for quality, innovative treatment options, excellent treatment outcomes, and most importantly results.